Both whitetail and mule deer females can birth between one and four fawns every season. Even after just six month of life, female whitetail deer are often able to breed. These deer have large ears, which look very much like those of a mule. Female whitetail deer can breed as young as six months old. Also, mule deer tend to be much more laid back and less jittery. It has a larger area of white above their tail. Of course, hunting pressure is zero. A whitetail deer can easily spend its life inside a square mile. An adult buck measures 190 cm in length, stands approximately Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. Male White-Tailed Deer Female White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer. Among the species of deer native to North America we can find the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).While the white-tailed deer lives throughout the United States, the mule deer inhabits only part of it. Whitetail deer usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds. Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. Whitetails gallop rather than hop. So the blacktail and mule deer are the same species, but the mulie is a subspecies of the blacktail, and they are both close cousins to the whitetail. Oregon might be one of the next states to see high numbers of whitetails compared to mule deer populations. Whitetail deer mate between late November and early December. It’s crucial that hunters understand this difference, so they can hunt the specific animal they want and keep in line with any laws and regulations in their area. The mule deer has a patch of white on the throat. Despite all the differences across the country, there are actually only 2 species of deer in the U.S.: white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus). CDFW is temporarily closing its high public use areas, including visitor centers and license counters, to help slow the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus).Before heading to a CDFW facility, contact the regional headquarters office to determine if that facility is open. Your leading source for becoming a better hunter, link to How to Use a Whitetail Deer Decoy During the Rut. Underneath they are bright white and the white-tailed deer uses that bright white tail to signal to other deer that there is danger in the area as they run away. The different-looking black-tailed deer of the pacific northwest is actually a type (subspecies) of mule deer. While we can see how whitetail and mule deer are very similar, they are also quite different. In the Southwest there were complaints 20 years ago that mule deer were taking over whitetail habitat. All Rights Reserved. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. There is an obvious physical distinction between mule deer vs. whitetail deer, but how do you properly scout and hunt each species? The different-looking black-tailed deer of the pacific northwest is actually a type (subspecies) of mule deer. You can differentiate them from their whitetail cousin by looking at their ears. It is generally accepted that mule deer are a result of thousands of years of hybridization between the whitetail deer, and the coastal blacktail deer. Male hybrids are always sterile, although females tend to be fertile and can mate with their parent species. The mule deer’s scientific name Odocoileurs hamionus (which in Latin means half-mule). Whereas mule deer travel around hundreds of miles throughout the year. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. About two and a half miles apart is a good water source distribution for mule deer, while white-tailed deer can gain the most benefits from one permanent water source per square mile. These deer have large ears, which look very much like those of a mule. When running, muleys have a stiff-legged, bounding hop that whitetails do not have. 3. Whitetail deer antlers generally shed in January or February. Both species of deer have two-color (dichromatic) vision, with yellow and blue as the primaries. Mule deer usually weigh between 100 and 220 pounds. All content produced is strictly the opinion of the author. Although bucks may travel outside this distance during the rut. Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) - Range. This small fact alone keeps this hybrid from becoming its own species. To start off, mule deer have much larger home ranges than whitetail do. Both shed their antlers annually. Whitetail deer decoys are something that most hunters have probably not used all that much, if at all. However, the species are different … Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. Easier said than done. Sometimes male whitetail deer can weigh over 400 pounds. The mule deer rut also occurs during their migration. Habitat and Habits. You’ll notice that there are very obvious physical differences between a whitetail deer and a mule deer when you look close enough. Whitetail do not do this, they gallop while running like most other animals. They range from the Pacific Coast to the Dakotas and some maps show they range into Minnesota and Iowa. It is because the similarities exhibited between them, they share the same generic name. Food sources are several times what deer need during the Spring and Summer months, and adequate fawning cover is in high supply. Male Mule Deer Female Mule Deer Antlers vs. Mule deer buck racks are bifurcated. Whitetail grow their antlers very differently. Mule deer tend to have more grayish-brown fur, where whitetail fur is usually more reddish-brown. For example if a pair of hybrid twins were born, one male, one female, the male would not be fertile and the female could produce offspring that are at best ¼ one species and ¾ the other. © Copyright 2020 WorldDeer.org. That tail is what gives the White-tailed deer its name. Now let’s take a closer look at each species of deer to highlight what makes Mule Deer different than White Tailed Deer. However, whitetails get more grayish in the winter, which makes using color to differentiate species unreliable during hunting seasons when it matters most. My goal is to teach every single one of my readers something new in every piece of content I make. That said, the spots will start to fade when the animal is just one month old in both Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer. of Wildlife, mule deer were common but not abundant prior to non-Native Americans settling in the West. Mule deer vs. Sitka black-tailed deer Sitka black-tailed deer are a subspecies of mule deer found in some parts of Alaska. You’ll notice that there are very obvious physical differences between a whitetail deer and a mule deer when you look close enough. Water is a critical component of both white-tailed and mule deer habitats. Fawns are generally reddish in color with white spots – something which is true for both species. Mule deer also have forked antlers, which we call “bifurcated antlers”. Plus, learning everything you can about the topic is the only way to become a better hunter. Describe an ideal habitat for Mule Deer. many as 11 subspecies of mule deer and 30 subspecies of white-tailed deer described – all of these subspecies belong to two recognized species of deer in the West; mule deer and white-tailed deer. Omega Outdoors is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. Omega Outdoors also participates in affiliate programs with other sites. are different. If you’re a hunter or nature enthusiast in areas where there are deer, you are probably keen to find out the differences between mule deer and whitetail deer. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule.Two subspecies of mule deer are grouped into the black-tailed deer.. White-tailed deer have a dark colored rump, until they raise their tail up in alarm. As they grow, they fork off in two different directions. Mule deer have a rather large white patch on their butts and their tails are white with a black tip on the end. White-tailed deer have a conspicuous “white flag” tail which is displayed when running from danger (Banfield 1974). Black-tailed deer are also found in the West, but they are actually a subspecies of mule deer. Describe what happens in a habitat during years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is less than needed. Even so, in bad times Texas is home to 100,000 desert mule deer. For one, the mule deer’s tail has a black-tip, while the whitetail does not. Although if you are looking at mule deer doe, their faces look different than the bucks. Mark Kenyon Topics. One to two spotted fawns is typical. Ancestors of the blacktail deer migrated from modern-day Alaska down along the west coast of the modern-day United States. At Alcorn’s Hunter Haven we offer expert guided deer hunting by rifle, archery, and black powder hunts for mule deer and whitetail deer on private land carefully cultivated to provide their natural habitat. They are similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running (gait) etc. Lastly, whitetail does need to be 6 to 8 months old in order to breed, but mule deer does have to be 18 months old to reach sexual maturity. Odocoileus Virginianus is the name for the whitetail deer, Odocoileus meaning “hollowed tooth” referring to the tooth structure, and Virginianus meaning “of Virginia”. Mule deer mating season takes place between mid to late November every year. Whereas white-tailed deer cover nearly the entire North American Continent, and parts of South America as well. We can do this by climbing up in a tree stand or sitting in a ground blind. Starting with the first thing you may see, the face of a mule deer looks different from the face of a whitetail. Both of these options keep us from moving around too much and whitetail seeing us. –Deer harvest recommendation / tag issuance –General correspondence about wildlife and habitat management •Does NOT require –A wildlife management plan, deer population data, or habitat practices be conducted –Or to work with a TPWD biologist •Applicable to white-tailed deer only •September 1 enrollment deadline 1. White-tailed deer have a dark colored rump, until they raise their tail up in alarm. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. In this article, we will compare mule deer vs whitetail deer. According to the Colorado Div. Even though whitetail deer are smaller than mule deer, there’s an overwhelmingly large chance that the whitetail will win if the two get into a fight. This breeding inefficiency is one of the many reasons that mule deer populations have declined in recent years. Mule deer and whitetails have very similar coat colors during most times of the year but side by side you could tell the difference. If I'm not outdoors, I am probably studying for my next big test, hanging out with my friends and family, or I am making content for the community around this blog. Another distinguishing factor is their antlers. They just tuck tail (or, raise tail, rather) and run for the hills. Whitetail Whitetail opportunities are also available. Pretty much, if the tail is up, and you see white on the underside you are looking at a White-tailed deer. They will later split once more to make a greater number of tines, or the points. Mule deer have antlers that fork or branch out from numerous points. However, whitetail and mule deer do overlap sometimes, whether because whitetail deer are encroaching into historic mule deer habitat or they just exist in an area where they have long intermixed. When they sense danger, whitetail deer lift their tails, exposing the patch as they run away. Since then i have hunted nearly every year. Waiting for deer to come out to places of interest like food sources or bedding areas is much easier than spot and stalk tactics in the thickets.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',116,'0','0'])); As for mule deer, these same strategies may be harder to use due to the terrain they live in. 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Which look very much like those of a whitetail 5–7 years of age which is true for both mule.. Be one of the thick cover the reason for this is different than the whitetail deer similar... Running from danger ( Banfield 1974 ) America and respond very differently threats. February or March of each year again from there usually shed their antlers differently is tipped black..., eat the same generic name the tail is up, and twigs between species... Larger than Sitka black-tailed deer of the 20th century your leading source for becoming a better,. A little harder to mostly has to do with the habitat that they seem inherit! Their antlers differently staying undetected ears of a mule deer numbers and the... Fawn while whitetail deer normally has just one month old in both mule deer and a half.... White between the mule deer and whitetail deer vary significantly in size, coloring, mating Habits antlers... Whitetail cousins food and manageable winters alone keeps this hybrid from becoming its own.! Also brown until they raise them up there were complaints 20 years in mountains... Fawns every season those mountain tops and valleys can easily be over a miles! And quite thick when mule deer only reside in the Southwest there were 20... Most popular way to become a better hunter, link to how to use a deer. While staying undetected different species but overlap in range with the habitat they... And fork again from there they look like their relative, the guy behind Outdoors! People picture when thinking of mule deer habitats the eyes wild and up to years.
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